Part I - Verbal Ability

What is verbal ability?

Verbal aptitude refers to the ability of a person to use correct grammar, spell words correctly, use correct punctuations, establish and understand word relationships and interpret detailed written information.

How important it is? 

Being able to communicate and express one’s thoughts effectively is an important life skill. For a potential candidate, it is necessary to be able to communicate thoughts and ideas properly. Professionally, one must have the ability to communicate information clearly, accurately, as intended, as this is an essential skill that an employer seeks.

Skills -

  1. Reading Skills - Reading skills represent the capacity of a person to process, retain and synthesize large amount of information in a workplace. Employees with good reading skills take lesser time to absorb information and deliver outputs as compared to those with average/ poor reading skills. Employees who are good at reading are more likely to be aware of current affairs and capable of making decisions on the basis of that information.
    Tools used - Reading comprehension, para jumbles, cloze test

  1. Writing Skills - A fair amount of time at work is spent communicating via the written word. People with good writing skills are seen as more credible. Even a single spelling mistake can cause potential customers/ clients to doubt the credibility of the organisation. Good writing skills allows a person to communicate message with clarity and ease of understanding.
    Tools used - Essay, Precis, Email Writing

  1. Listening Skills - In any business organization, listening is key to effective working relationship amongst employees and between employees and the management. It also has very big impact on the company’s interaction with customers and other businesses it deals with. Listening helps gain information and facts from customers/ clients and helps in making right decisions.
    Tools used - Audio based questions

  1. Grammar Skills- Grammar is very important in business communication. A single grammatical error can lead potential clients to doubts the credibility of the business. Good grammar skills are very essential to communicate with clarity. People who spend time carefully to formulate sentences and proofread their work are good at producing quality and error free work.
    Tools used- Sentence correction, sentence completion, sentence formation, spot the error, parts of speech, etc.

  1. Vocabulary Skills- Words are the very essence of written and verbal communication. The appropriate word or set of words to be used depend on the context, tone and gravity of the message as well as on the relationship with the person to whom it is addressed. The ability to use a right word at the right time is always an added advantage. A candidate with good vocabulary is able to express thoughts well and perform well at presentations, business meetings, discussions, training and development etc.
    Tools used - Antonyms, synonyms, idioms and phrases, spellings, one word substitution, etc.

Relevant industries -

  1. Travel and Hospitality

  2. Journalism

  3. IT

  4. Healthcare

  5. Banking and Finance

  6. Education


Part II - Quantitative Aptitude

What is quantitative aptitude?

Quantitative aptitude refers to how a person perceives and processes numbers and related symbols to perform basic arithmetic operations and perform estimates.

How important it is?

Candidates with high numerical ability or quantitative aptitude have a higher level of speed in making analysis or assessments based on given information and a higher level of concentration in solving problems.


  1. Numerical Ability- It is a very important skill. It refers to a candidate’s speed and accuracy while solving simple arithmetic problems that involve the use of operations like addition, subtraction, multiplication and division.
    Tools used - BODMAS, Percentage, Profit and Loss, Discount, Simple Interest and Compound Interest, Ratio and Proportion, Time and Work, etc.

  1. Ability to design- For concepts such as symmetry, arrangements, patterns, points, shapes, space etc, a candidate should have the ability to understand abstract mathematical designs or multidimensional figures. This skill is of extreme importance for profiles like mechanical engineer, civil engineer, architects, graphic designers etc.
    Tools used- Geometry and Mensuration

  1. Statistics and Modern Mathematics - The ability to collect and scrutinize a large piece of information and data requires one to have knowledge of concepts, formulas, models and techniques used in statistical analysis of any given data. Modern mathematics includes grasping the underlying mathematical concepts and not just manipulation of numbers and formulas.
    Tools used- Mean, mode, median, correlation, regression, standard deviation, variance, etc and permutations, combinations, probability, set theory, binomial theorem etc.

Relevant industries-

  1. Banking

  2. Finance

  3. Engineering

  4. Insurance

  5. Designing


Part III - Reasoning Aptitude

What is reasoning aptitude?

Reasoning aptitude refers to the capacity of a candidate to analyze the way he/she thinks and present their ideas with evidences.


How important it is?

From solving problems to facing real life situations, reasoning ability is a valuable skill. It also enhances the presentation and language skills of a person as he/she starts thinking systematically and clearly. It also promotes creativity. 


  1. Abstract Reasoning - Abstract reasoning is the ability of a person to quickly identify patterns and the logical rule underlying those patterns to arrive at solutions. It involves gathering work related information quickly, from various sources and applying it in innovative ways to solve problems. A candidate good at abstract reasoning has high lateral thinking abilities and fluid intelligence.
    Tools used- Advanced Progressive Matrices (Based on JC Raven Progressive Matrices test)

  1. Analytical Reasoning- Analytical thinking is the process by which one uses steady and consistent reasoning to arrive at a conclusion. It involves structuring problems, situations and facts in order to conceive a solution. It is also one of the important skills that makes thinking processes stronger and understanding better.
    Tools used- Analogy, coding decoding, directions, number puzzles, series etc.

  1. Logical Reasoning- Logical reasoning refers to person’s ability to reason and provide systematic solution to a given problem. A person good at logical reasoning is able to analyze a situation by breaking it down into simple cases, then evaluate different alternatives to the problem in a step by step manner, select the best solution while eliminating the cases that do not fit.
    Tools used- Arrangements (ranking, circular, linear), matrix based puzzles, questions on blood relations etc.

  1. Visual Reasoning- Visual reasoning involves creating the mental image of an object in order to reach a certain conclusion. It is an important skill that triggers innovative discovery and simple problem-solving. Visual reasoning skills enhance the ability to visualize and reason spatially.
    Tools used- Mirror and water image based questions, missing and wrong figure based questions, pattern identification, Spatial Visualization,  etc.

  1. Critical Thinking-It refers to the ability to analyze and identify a situation in order to form a judgement. It is based on logical reasoning and evidence. The sub-skills required for critical thinking include the ability to evaluate arguments, draw inferences, interpret information, recognize assumptions etc.
    Tools used- Watson Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal, critical reasoning, cause and effect based questions, statement-course of action based questions, etc.

Relevant industries -

Relevant across all industries.